Milwaukee, Madison, & Minneapolis By Train: What We Know, What We Don’t, & What’s Next

By Christina Lorey

January 20, 2023

Roads and bridges matter. So do trains, buses, and bike paths. But for being a world leader in many ways, the US still trails many countries in terms of public infrastructure.

In Germany, for example, 23% of commuters bike to work and another 26% use public transportation. In America, those numbers are 10% and 11%, respectively. 

Fortunately, that’s changing. 

More than 160 specific infrastructure projects have already been earmarked to receive funds in the Badger State, thanks to Biden’s once-in-a-generation Bipartisan Infrastructure Law. One of the biggest is Wisconsin’s proposed Amtrak expansion.

What We Know

The Wisconsin Department of Transportation (WisDOT) received $66 million in federal funding to improve and expand Amtrak service. It plans to use that to build a station in Madison, which would connect the state capital with three major cities (Milwaukee, Chicago, and Minneapolis) and more than a dozen smaller Wisconsin towns (Eau Claire, La Crosse, Tomah, Camp Douglas, the Dells, Portage, Columbus, Green Bay, Appleton, Oshkosh, Fond du Lac, Watertown, Oconomowoc, and Sturtevant).

New train routes are good for the state economy & your bank account.

Amtrak tickets run as low as $6, with additional discounts for seniors, students, AAA members, and more. “A successful passenger rail service will also provide additional economic growth opportunities to the communities along the routes,” the WisDOT Office of Public Affairs told us in an exclusive interview. 

Better rail service also means cleaner air, less traffic, and happier people. Amtrak emits up to 83% less greenhouse gas (the kind responsible for climate change) than cars and 73% less than planes. The average American spends more than 80 hours a year in commute-tied traffic—equivalent to two weeks of vacation down the drain! 

Milwaukee, Madison, & Minneapolis By Train: What We Know, What We Don't, & What's Next

What We Don’t Know (Yet)

How long will it take to build and open a new train line?

The answer, according to WisDOT, depends on the specific length and landscape of each corridor (the route between two stops.) The department is currently conducting a planning study to create a service development plan. After the plan is made (and approved by city, state, and federal officials), they’ll have a better construction timeline.

How much will this cost Wisconsin in the long-run?

While the Biden Administration will foot the bill for an unprecedented $66 million in construction costs, there are still maintenance and operational fees. However, one benefit of rail is that those fees are mostly covered by passenger ticket sales. The Federal Railroad Administration also has a program to help offset costs for the first six years of operation (90% the first year, 80% the second year, and so on.)

Milwaukee, Madison, & Minneapolis By Train: What We Know, What We Don't, & What's Next

What’s Next

We need Wisconsin’s Republican legislators to get on board, both literally and figuratively.

Assembly Speaker Robin Vos and Senate Majority Leader Devin LeMahieu have already said they’re opposed to any state spending for the Amtrak project. Since Republicans control the state Legislature, their opposition could be a substantial roadblock. While the first round of federal funding for the project doesn’t require a match from the state, future rounds require a 10% state and 20% local match.

Amtrak will continue expanding, whether in Wisconsin or not.

The rail service company’s 2035 vision includes plans to add 30+ new routes, 20 million new riders, and 160 more communities. Amtrak, the most financially-efficient passenger rail company in the US, has a 90% on-time average. They’re currently working with Congress on a program to improve that by prioritizing passenger over freight trains on shared routes.


  • Christina Lorey

    Christina is an Edward R. Murrow-winning journalist and former producer, reporter, and anchor for TV stations in Madison and Moline. When she’s not writing or asking questions, you can find her volunteering with Girls on the Run, the Pancreatic Cancer Action Network, and various mental health organizations.



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