Answers to Every Question You Might Have About Wisconsin’s Supreme Court Election

By Christina Lorey
February 1, 2023

Why is this election different? What’s on the line? Since when do we vote for ‘nonpartisan’ judges? We answer all the questions many are too afraid to ask. 

A very important election is quickly approaching: Tuesday, April 4. 

During an average year, less than 20% of eligible voters turn out for a spring election in Wisconsin. But with so much on the line– from reproductive freedom to free and fair elections– we expect this year’s turnout to be higher. 

RELATED: Why Wisconsin’s Supreme Court Race is “The Most Important Election in America”

Whether you’ve never missed an election or never voted before, we created this guide to help prepare you for Election Day. When you’re done, please share it with friends and family members to encourage them to vote, too. This spring, the stakes are too high to stay home.

Since when do we vote for Supreme Court justices?

Since Wisconsin’s highest court was established in 1848. Unlike the US Supreme Court justices, who are nominated by the sitting president, confirmed by the US Senate, and given lifelong terms, Wisconsin’s state Supreme Court is made up of seven justices who are elected in statewide, non-partisan elections to a 10-year term. Only one justice can be elected a year.

Who’s running for the Supreme Court this year?

Milwaukee County Judge Janet Protasiewicz and former state Supreme Court Justice Daniel Kelly are running for the state court’s empty seat, previously occupied by retiring Justice Pat Roggensack. 

How do I choose between the candidates, especially if they’re “nonpartisan”?

They’re technically nonpartisan. In actuality, this year’s race is far from it. Protasiewicz is considered liberal, while Kelly is a conservative with Republican-leaning judicial records. 

Here’s what this means: Protasiewicz is more inclined to rule in favor of reproductive freedom and a women’s right to have ownership over her own body as a case challenging Wisconsin’s 1849 abortion ban works its way through the courts. Kelly does not support such freedoms. 

On cases regarding election laws, voting rights, and fair electoral maps, Protasiewicz is pro-democracy, promising to protect every Wisconsin adult’s right to vote and have their vote count. Kelly has ties to former President Donald Trump and has even leaned into Republican conspiracies about the legitimacy of the 2020 election.

What’s the current makeup of the Wisconsin Supreme Court?

With Roggensack’s retirement, three conservatives and three liberals remain on the bench. In the 2021-2022 session, an unprecedented 54% of cases were a 4-3 decision in favor of the conservatives. Between 1985 and 2020, 4-3 decisions never comprised more than 26% of court outcomes. 

When did electing judges become so partisan? And why?

Within the last 20 years, and it all has to do with money. In 2003, outside groups spent just $27,000 on the Wisconsin Supreme Court race. By 2007, that number ballooned to $3.1 million, as right-wing groups shelled out more than $2.6 million to get a conservative on the state’s highest court. 

That effort drew criticism from even Reagan-appointed US Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O’Connor, who put it bluntly: “In too many states, judicial elections are becoming political prizefights where partisans and special interests seek to install judges who will answer to them instead of the law and the constitution.”

What else is on my ballot?

It depends on where you live. Click here to find out who and what else you’ll be voting for this spring.  

When and where do I vote?

First, make sure you’re registered online at The online system to register is open until 20 days before Election Day. After that, you can register in-person with your municipal clerk or you can register at the polls on Election Day. More information about registering to vote is available on Common Cause Wisconsin’s site.

Next, when to vote: April 4 in-person OR with an absentee ballot by mail OR in-person by absentee ballot at your clerk’s office (aka “early vote”). You can go to and make a request for your absentee ballot to be sent to you by mail in just seconds. In Wisconsin, any registered voter can vote absentee. 

Finally, where to vote: click here to find your polling place if you’re choosing to vote in-person on Election Day. All Wisconsin polling locations are open from 7 a.m. to 8 p.m. on Election Day. 

Do I have to bring anything?

Yes, a photo ID. Visit for more information about the types of ID that can be used to vote. You can also learn about how to get a free ID to use for voting.

READ MORE: How Wisconsin’s Supreme Court Election Will Impact Your Life for the Next 10+ Years

If you experience any problems at the polls or have questions, do not hesitate to call the Election Protection at 866-OUR-VOTE (866-687-8683) for support from nonpartisan election protection volunteers. They are there to help you navigate through any doubts or questions you may have.


  • Christina Lorey

    Christina is an Edward R. Murrow-winning journalist and former producer, reporter, and anchor for TV stations in Madison and Moline. When she’s not writing or asking questions, you can find her volunteering with Girls on the Run, the Pancreatic Cancer Action Network, and various mental health organizations.

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